I am finally getting around to tying off this thread on Context. If you missed the earlier attempts, they can be found here: Out of Context - part 1 and Out of Context - part 2.
In Bill Moyers interview with Wendell Berry, Berry makes the comment "Learn all you can about where you are." The comment reflects a commitment to contextualization as it relates to farming and ethical use of the land. As important as context is to farming, how much more important is contextualization to our relationships with people?
One of the dangers of Western-type missionaries who are solution-oriented problem solvers, is that we like our ways of doing things. New to a community, we naturally set out to interpret what is going on in a place using the mental and religious lenses we brought with us. Not even able to speak the local language, we tell stories back home about the truths we have discovered about the local people. Unless we are intentional about suspending judgement, we can seriously misrepresent what is actually taking place.
I recall an episode years ago when a new pastor wrote back to his good friend after his very first Sunday in the pulpit of his new church. The Lord's Supper was observed that Sunday. As was the tradition in the church, there were two options for taking the wine. You could take from the tray of small, individual glasses or you could wait and a large, common cup would be passed later. This new pastor immediately interpreted this as, to paraphrase his friend, the holier than thous would make a public display of their righteousness and refuse the small cups in favor of receiving the common cup. Heavy sigh. Not even one full week into his new place and the pastor summed up in one misguided swipe his disdain for several members of his new congregation. Missionaries do this all.the.time.
These are "a degenerate people." In this (majority Catholic) country, "only three percent of the people are Christian." This church "is not interested in reaching out to anyone else." It is so difficult to be a missionary here because "everyone is so liberal." Wait a minute . . . please.
I mentioned in an earlier post that we will never lose our own cultural lenses but that our goal is to learn to use bi- or tri-focal lenses as we see and interpret other places. This takes time. It also requires a predisposition towards learning. And until you have learned all you can, suspend your judgment. Does this mean missionaries are never to make interpretations about or comment on their new cultural homes? Of course not! Because we will never, no matter how long we live in a place, become native. Ask anyone who has moved to Texas and lived there for three or four decades if they are considered real Texans! What it does mean is that until we can at least identify with those we come to serve, then we should resist trying to definitively identify things about them as well.
One last thing and I leave this behind. Sometimes our degrees in theology, business, healthcare, or organizational management are not much more useful than the paper they are printed on when we find ourselves immersed in a cross-cultural context. It is not the education which is lacking, but that most of our education is grounded in a particular context (Western Enlightenment, for example) which tends to interpret itself as the best. Vincent Donavan in Christianity Rediscovered, when he realizes the articulation of "faith" by the Maasai he served among was even richer than his own educated understanding was, reminds us all that the missionary endeavor requires "extreme care and delicate caution and much humility." (p 49)
There are methods and principles which training and education can teach that make our ministry meaningful and exciting. Who doesn't get all tingly inside just thinking about how important knowing the details of the debate between Erasmus and Luther can be in deciding whether a homeless person is deserving of the spare change in our pockets? And as I am sure all missionaries are aware, being well-versed in Asset Based Community Development can help us decide which local person to hire to clean our home. Knowing these things and not seeing how they fit contextually makes us susceptible of continuing form of Colonialism where the best from the west is imposed on the rest without regard to context.
"Learn all you can about where you are."